Probably North America's most popular native berry, blueberries have fed humans and wildlife for thousands of years. Several species of blueberry are widespread from Canada to the Gulf coast. Blueberries grow in wooded or open areas with moist, acidic soil, and need full sun to thrive.
Blueberries make excellent landscape plants, offering delicate pink and white bell-shaped early spring flowers, summer berries, striking yellow, red, and orange fall foliage, and colorful winter stems. Blueberries have few if any pest or disease issues and produce abundant crops each year, for 20 years or more with good care.
Acidic soil with pH between 4.5 and 5.5 is required for these plants. We recommend soil testing to determine where you are starting, and adding granular sulfur to adjust pH. Birds and mammals are very attracted to the fruit, so consider netting or cages for your blueberry plants to be sure there are some for you to eat!
We offer three categories of blueberries:
Northern Highbush: These shrubs grow up to around 6 feet tall and wide. This is the most common type of garden blueberry, with numerous improved cultivars selected for their fruit quality. Plants are cold-hardy to at least zone 4. This season the selections we are growing include: 'Chandler', 'Jersey', 'Bluecrop', 'Duke', and 'Toro'.
'Half-High': The useful shrubs are hybrids between highbush and lowbush species. They grow around 2-4 feet tall and wide, with large berries. Half-high bushes tolerate snow and cold very well and are self-pollinating. This season the selections we are growing include: 'Patriot' and 'Northblue'.
Native blueberries: Lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolia) are the type often harvested in northern states in semi-wild 'barrens'. These plants grow about 2 feet tall or less and spread to form colonies. We also offer Northern Blueberry (Vaccinium pensylvanicum), which spreads as a groundcover, growing around 6-12 inches tall. Both types fruit in late summer, and have delicious sweet berries similar to the highbush types, if smaller.